By Steven F. Perry
This monograph has tried to compile morphological and physiological stories of reptilian lungs, to investigate the character of the ensuing correlations, and to possibility a few speculations in regards to the evolution of reptilian lung constitution. critical to this paintings is the morphometric evaluate of the lungs in species of lizard: "the teju (Tupinambis nigropunctatus Spix) and the savanna computer screen (Varanus exanthema ticus [Bosc]) that's provided right here for the 1st time. those species are related in physique shape, and either are diurnally energetic predators, yet their lungs are of easy best friend diversified structural kinds. The teju possesses really small, single-chambered (unicameral) lungs within which the homeycomb-like (faveolar) parenchyma is kind of calmly dispensed alongside their size. within the computer screen the lungs are huge and many-chambered (multicameral), the person chambers connecting to an unbranched, intrapulmonary bronchus. The parenchyma is within the type of shallow booths (ediculae), that are elaborated at the intercameral septa. The parenchyma is heterogeneously disbursed in the lungs, tending to be such a lot centred close to the intrapulmonary bronchus and the center 3rd of the lung size. The ventral and caudal parts of those lungs are thin-walled and hugely versatile. In either species these parts of the lungs that are so much uncovered to air convection own dense capillary nets which just about thoroughly disguise either side of the parenchymal walls. in additional distal areas of the parenchy ma or of the lung, the intercapillary areas develop into greater, making a pseudo-single capillary internet.
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