By Robert E. Newnham
Crystals are often known as "Flowers of the Mineral Kingdom." as well as their nice attractiveness, crystals and different textured fabrics are tremendously valuable in electronics, optics, acoustics, and lots of different engineering functions. This richly illustrated textual content describes the underlying rules of crystal physics and chemistry, masking a variety of subject matters, and illustrating a variety of functions in lots of fields of engineering utilizing crucial fabrics. it's been written at a degree compatible for technology and engineering scholars and cab be used for instructing a one- or two-semester direction.
Tensors, matrices, symmetry, and structure-property relationships shape the most topics of the booklet. whereas tensors and matrices give you the mathematical framework for realizing anistropy, on which the actual and chemical houses of crystals and textured fabrics usually rely, atomistic arguments also are had to qualify the valuables coefficients in quite a few instructions. The atomistic arguments are in part in line with symmetry and social gathering at the easy physics and chemistry of fabrics.
After introducing the purpose teams acceptable for unmarried crystals, textured fabrics, and ordered magnetic constructions, the directional houses of many alternative fabrics are defined: linear and nonlinear elasticity, piezoelectricity and electrostriction, magnetic phenomena, diffusion and different shipping houses, and either fundamental and secondary ferroic habit. With crystal optics (its roots in classical mineralogy) having turn into a massive part of the knowledge age, nonlinear optics is defined in addition to the piezo-optics and electro-optics, and analagous linear and nonlinear acoustic wave phenomena. Enantiomorphism, optical task, and chemical anisotropy are mentioned within the ultimate chapters of the book.